Emergency preparedness and vulnerability assessment essay

On the other hand, increasing population density and a lack of effective prevention and response plans also increase the population vulnerability to manmade disasters, which include terrorist attacks and technological hazards. On the other hand, increasing population density and a lack of effective prevention and response plans also increase the population vulnerability to manmade disasters, which include terrorist attacks and technological hazards.

In this article, we focused on the hazard vulnerability assessment aspect, which is almost nonexistent in China, in relation to disaster preparedness.

The probability of manmade or technological disasters is also increasing. Effective disaster mitigation is the foundation for efficient disaster response and rescue and for reducing the degree of hazardous impacts on the population. This aspect focuses on the disaster itself, or the mortality and morbidity associated with the disaster.

Coordination between civilians and military personnel is essential, and simulations and training must be conducted on a regular basis. The availability of mental health care for the vulnerable, disaster-affected population should be increased to meet the demand.

The second category is at the national and international levels and includes such factors as global climate change, international debt relief policy, domestic land development plan, infrastructure of transportation and communication, government stability, execution of laws, public health policies, and population education level.

Here, we proposed the following recommendations, which are already in practice: All of these factors can be used to assess population vulnerability.

China is prone to a high frequency of natural disasters because of its complex geography and climate. HVA methods The assessment of hazard vulnerability is very helpful in emergency management.

Another private health care product and service company, HCPro, Inc. For example, a significant earthquake could result in various hazardous events, such as fuel shortages, transportation failures, steam failures and floods.

Hazard vulnerability assessment Population hazard vulnerability analysis has been extensively studied and proven to be effective.

Despite these efforts, none of the tools have discussed standardized procedures for HVA data collection or were designed for hospitals or communities. An HVA can be carried out at the community level or at the hospital and other health care facility level. For example, frequent and heavy rainfall indicates a high probability of floods; 2 the location of the hazardous event.

Received Mar 16; Accepted Oct In addition to the physical needs of the vulnerable population, the serious and widespread mental health consequences of disasters should receive sufficient attention. A hazard vulnerability assessment HVA is a systematic approach to identify all possible hazards that may affect a specific population, assess the risk associated with each hazard e.

The first is the typical epidemiologic study of the underlying causes of disasters in order to develop prevention strategies. For example, according to the Chinese national earthquake relief headquarters, after the Wenchuan earthquake, 69, people were killed,were injured, 17, were missing, and millions were affected [ 15 ].

A reliable source of information on past disasters is crucial for HVA analysis. It directly affects disaster preparation, response, and recovery [ 4 ]. The likelihood of disaster occurrence can be described as low, medium, or high.

Therefore, disaster epidemiology is of particular importance in planning for, responding to, and recovering from disasters, especially in developing countries.

Emergency Operation Plan Development from a Vulnerability Assessment Perspective

A standardized and comprehensive HVA can help health care facilities identify and stratify potential hazards. The use of a standardized methodology for collecting information, analyzing data, and interpreting results will ensure the consistency and comparability of the HVA across hospitals and health care institutions.

Hazard vulnerability assessment Population hazard vulnerability analysis has been extensively studied and proven to be effective. Disaster probability and consequences In addition to type of disaster e. These natural disasters harm humans, lead to significant economic losses, change the environment, and restrict social development.

Because hospitals and other health care facilities are always at the forefront to prepare for and respond to disastrous events, they are now expected to be community organizations instead of standalone institutions.

It should be able to methodologically evaluate the degree of impact and provide background information to create a targeted disaster mitigation plan. In addition, the military is always at the forefront of a disaster response. HVA methods The assessment of hazard vulnerability is very helpful in emergency management.

A data envelopment analysis DEA -based model was used to evaluate the relative severity of disasters in each region of mainland China [ 22 ]. It is of critical importance for these countries to learn from the experiences of other countries and to implement essential procedures.

The role of hazard vulnerability assessments in disaster preparedness and prevention in China

An emergency management geographic information system GISincluding a vulnerability assessment, has been developed and applied successfully.Kaiser Permanente has developed a Hazard Vulnerability Analysis tool which is available for download as a planning resource.

Individuals or organizations using this tool are solely responsible for any hazard assessment and compliance with applicable laws and regulations.

The Federal Emergency Management Agency calls this analysis a Hazard, Vulnerability Analysis and Risk Assessment. The analysis and assessment will assist the organization properly prepare for the hazards, identify the risks and mitigate the vulnerabilities.

Emergency Preparedness and Response Joy Carr NUR/ January 10, Sandi Wheeler, R.N., MSN Emergency Preparedness and Response Public emergency preparedness and response is the ability of the public health and health care systems, communities, and individuals, to prevent, protect against, quickly respond to, and recover from emergencies.

Nov 24,  · In this article, we focused on the hazard vulnerability assessment aspect, which is almost nonexistent in China, in relation to disaster preparedness. We briefly summarized and discussed the current experiences and information that can be tailored to China’s needs.

Hazard Vulnerability Analysis

Nov 24,  · The role of hazard vulnerability assessments in disaster preparedness and prevention in China. Yan Du, Yibo Ding, Zixiong Li, and Guangwen Cao The assessment of hazard vulnerability is very helpful in emergency management.

An emergency management geographic information system (GIS), including a vulnerability assessment, has been. Maricopa Medical Center conducts a Hazard Vulnerability Assessment (HVA) annually. Preparedness The first step of the disaster cycle is usually considered to be preparedness although one could start at any The emergency manager learns about past disasters and current potential hazards and then begins to collaborate with other officials.

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Emergency preparedness and vulnerability assessment essay
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